From Young Experience, we show you what those who study university careers of the future do: marketers , programmers , project managers , among others. Now, we want to tell you about the functions , the profile and the opportunities for a journalist .
As usual, we present you updated, clear, interesting and original information about the journalist’s professional profile . And if you get to the end of the article, you will know where to study journalism abroad. Take some time and learn more about this race!
What does a journalist do?
To put it in a few words, a journalist is a professional of information and communication . This means that he has the knowledge and skills to search, obtain, analyze, synthesize and present current data to large audiences.
The above is said very easily, but the reality is that the journalist accumulates extensive studies and experiences to meet the demands of the media. He must monitor the events, select the most relevant and transform them into various journalistic genres.
Yes, the day to day of what a journalist does is hectic. But, as we told you, he always has a new task to do and he never gets bored . His social commitment drives him to get to where things happen first.
Furthermore, in an age where digital media is on the rise, a journalist must master new technologies and social media to get their stories out. But this also opens the doors to varied experiences, such as being digital nomads and traveling the world. You imagine?
What are the functions of a journalist?
Due to their skills with information and communication, a journalist can have multiple activities within a company . However, there are characteristics that make his work unique and valuable. Let’s take a look!
Characteristics that define journalism
Surely you have heard that we all have a journalist inside : from the witness who records with his mobile to the nosy neighbor?. There is some truth in that belief, but if it is a question of describing what a professional journalist does, we must contemplate these characteristics:
- Look for the note , do not wait for them to comment on it.
- Always verify the veracity of the information you receive.
- Analyzes information and is obsessed with having it organized (at least in his head)
- Choose the appropriate style and form for each type of information
- He acknowledges that “100% objectivity” is impossible , but declares from what interests and approach he writes.
- Its main commitment is with first-hand and truthful information, regardless of the source.
- If a topic grabs you, watch out! You will always want to know more and little will stop you from getting to the bottom of it.
Why is journalism important?
Among the professions, journalism carries weight for two main reasons. The first, which is more evident, is that it keeps us informed about political, social, cultural, scientific, technological events and even shows in our world.
Another, that not many do not see, is that journalism leads to investigate problems and issues that go unnoticed by governments and even by experts. The journalist brings to light latent dangers in a nuclear plant, for example, or social unrest before they explode and become news.
What is the profile of a journalist?
Suppose you decide to study journalism . What is the profile that you must form to get newspapers and digital media to notice you? For you to take into account, we divide them between hard skills and soft skills . Check them out!
Hard Skills a Journalist Must Have
Hard skills, or hard skills , are directly related to the profession you study. They are specialized techniques and practices. In the case of journalism, these are some:
- Search news and report. The activity of the reporter is the basis of what a professional journalist does. One cannot hold this title if one does not know how to go out into the streets to follow events and give an account of them.
- Master journalistic genres. From the transcended to the report, passing through the note and the interview, a journalist masters all these types of texts and decides in which cases it is appropriate to use them.
- Research. Most of the time journalists have to go out and do field research. Others have to go to the archives and libraries to unearth the information.
- Request information from governments, institutions and companies. It sounds easy, but you are faced with the fearsome bureaucracy. A journalist learns to get around it and get it.
- Analyze information. A good journalist does not capture the information that he obtains as such. He breaks it down into relevant data for the reader.
- Build databases. In the age of the web, it has become imperative that journalists keep well organized the great mass of information they obtain in their investigations. It helps them avoid losing essential data and generate ideas faster.
Soft skills that a journalist must master
Unlike hard skills, soft skills are related to talents and experience. So working as a journalist you will develop the following to the maximum .
- Communication. Information synthesis skills, spelling, grammar, story style that connects with audiences, proofreading, quick note-taking, interviewing and, above all, listening.
- Organization. Save all the information you obtain and have it well organized (by people, classes, topics, etc.), time management to meet deadlines.
- Socialization. Ability to socialize in various contexts, build trust for people to tell you their stories, never miss an opportunity to do public relations.
- Learning. Like to learn about the most varied topics and problems, from social to scientific, interest in constant training in information technologies.
- Polyvalence. Adaptability to different work environments, resilience in the face of adversity, tolerance of frustration, proactivity and ability to work well under pressure.
Job market opportunities for a journalist
Upon graduating from a career, most journalists start out as reporters , covering news on the most varied topics, from social to political. As they gain experience, they are entrusted with topics or sources to specialize in: art, education, culture, health, politics, or sports.
? There are times when reporters stand out as much for the quality of the information they provide as for their style. At this point, many devote themselves exclusively to the king of journalistic genres: reporting. Then come the prizes and, what is more important, the recognition of the guild.
? Others choose to jump into the opinion genre : columns and reviews to gain fame as authorities on a specific topic. Some more become highly desirable profiles for companies and governments that entrust their areas of social communication to them.
? And, of course, there are those who capitalize on their prestige to attract large investors and create a new media outlet that they run according to their ideas. Trust us, billionaires are interested in putting their money into media. Just ask the founder of Amazon, who bought the Washington Post ! ?
How much does a journalist earn?
According to the specialized site PayScale, the salary for what a journalist does in some of the countries with the best quality of life , such as Canada or Australia, ranges between 45,000 and 53,000 dollars per year .
That’s just slightly above the median income in those countries, at best. However, consider that it is the average salary for a specific position.
As you gain recognition as a journalist, your sources of income are not reduced to a salary . You charge royalties for your books, a word count fee, and even high fees for lectures or classes.
If you choose the path of entrepreneurship , you will have the freedom to set your income and define your editorial line. Or you can team up with investment bigwigs to launch a project for which you get paid like the CEO of one of their companies.
Where to study journalism?
Did you like the idea of studying journalism? As you have seen, it is a noble profession, committed and full of emotion . When you cover a historical event, you will feel the adrenaline rush through your body. It can get addictive!
In addition, you will have the satisfaction of knowing in depth the topics that interest you and making them known to a wide audience to connect with them. You also help to make known stories that go unnoticed and with which you can contribute to important changes .
Well, and where to study journalism? One of the best countries to do it is to live in Spain for a season. This country has a long tradition in large Spanish-speaking media. On top of that, it offers a high quality of life, ancient culture and incredible nature.
You already have a good answer about what a journalist does. Are you interested in pursuing this career?